Cordoba is the colonial capital city of Argentina, on the edge of the Sierra Chica mountain range, with approximately one million inhabitants. It has the oldest and one of the most prestigious universities of the country and the center of the city is rich in Spanish colonial architecture from the 16th century. Prior to the rise of Buenos Aires, Cordoba was Argentina's center of arts and learning, a place of scholars and priests, churches and universities. Though in terms of national importance the city has fallen behind the capital, it still retains an independent spirit and distinctive grace. Located in the geographical centre of Argentina, the abundant natural areas surrounding Cordoba offer fantastic opportunities for adventure tourism including parachuting and ballooning, windsurfing, yachting, swimming, mountain climbing and trekking, cycling, horse riding, and fishing.