A sprawling metropolis that rises from the Río Plata and stretches more than 194 square kilometers (75 square miles) to the surrounding pampas, the fertile Argentine plains. Block after block of tidy, high-rise apartment buildings interspersed with 19th century houses continue as far as the eye can see. Dozens of suburban neighborhoods, each with its own particular character and well-groomed parks, surround the downtown area.
Unlike most South American cities, whose architectural styles reveal a strong Spanish colonial influence, Buenos Aires looks more like Paris, with wide boulevards lined with palatial mansions. Flowers are sold at colorful corner kiosks, the smell of freshly baked bread fills the air around well-stocked bakeries, and cafés appear on every block.
Major sites in Buenos Aires include Casa Rosada, the official presidential residence and government headquarters; Catedral Metropolitana; Centro Cultural Recoleta, with its art shows and concerts; Museo Historico Nacional, outlining the official history of Argentina, and many other sites of great historical value.
SPL is centrally located in downtown Buenos Aires.